Dr. Xiaolin Zhou is a professor of psychology, a member of the University Council, and the Director of the Center for Brain and Cognitive Sciences at Peking University, Beijing, China. After graduating from East China Normal University, he went to Cambridge University, United Kingdom in 1988 to study psychology of language. He was awarded Ph.D by Cambridge University in 1992. Since then Dr. Zhou has worked in several institutes, including Birkbeck College, University of London, Beijing Normal University, and Cambridge University. From 1999, he works full time for Peking University. He is a corresponding fellow of the Rodin Remediation Academy, an Associate Editor of BMC Neuroscience, and an advisory board member of Scientific Report, and Language and Cognitive Processes. He received the “National Award for Yong Scientists in China” in 2001 and the “Natural Science Prize of Chinese Universities” from the Ministry of Education of China in 2004. He was honored as “Changjiang Scholar Professor” in 2013 by the Ministry of Education of China.
Dr. Zhou has been in charge of several research projects supported by the UK Economic and Social Research Council, National Science Foundation, the Ministry of Science and Technology, and the Ministry of Education of China. He has three main research interests. The first one is on language processing, including visual and spoken language comprehension and the development of reading abilities in normal and dyslexic children. Recent work focuses on neuropragmatics. The second one is on social neuroscience, particularly issues related to social cognition, social emotion, and neuroeconomics. The third one is on attentional selection and executive controls.
List of Publications
Cai, Y., Mai, Z., Zhou, X., & Ma, N. (in press). Altered frontal connectivity after sleep deprivation predicts sustained attentional impairment: A resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Journal of Sleep.
Gong, P., Guo, W., Zhang, X., Cao, K., Wang, Q., Zhang, M., Liu, J., Fan, Y., Zhang, R., & Zhou, X. (in press). Associations of Chinese social face with cortisol level and glucocorticoid receptor gene. Current Psychology.
Hu, Y., Pereira, A., Gao, X., Campos, B., Derrington, E., Corgnet, B., Zhou, X., Cendes, F., & Dreher, J.-C. (2021). Right temporoparietal junction underlies avoidance of moral transgression in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Neuroscience, 41 (8) 1699-1715.
Ye, Z., Zhang, G., Zhang, Y., Li, S., Liu, N., Zhou, X., Xiao, W., & Münte, T., F. (2021). The Role of the Subthalamic Nucleus in Sequential Working Memory in De Novo Parkinson’s Disease. Movement Disorders, 36(1), 87-95.
Chang, W., Duan, Y., Qian, J., Wu, F., Jiang, X., & Zhou, X. (2020). Gender interference in processing Chinese compound reflexive: Evidence from reading eye-tracking. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 35(10), 1355-1370.
Luo, X., Kang, G., Guo, Y., Yu, X., & Zhou, X. (2020). A value-driven McGurk effect: Value-associated faces enhance the influence of visual information on audiovisual speech perception and its eye movement pattern. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 82, 1928–1941.
Yu, H., Koban, L., Chang, L. J., Wagnerm U., Krishnan, A., Vuilleumier, P., Zhou, X., & Wager, T. G. (2020). A generalizable multivariate brain pattern for interpersonal guilt. Cerebral Cortex, 30, 3558-3572.
Zhang, L., Zhou, L., Ren, Q., Mokhtari, T., Wan, L., Zhou, X., & Hu, L. (2019). Evaluating cortical alterations in patients with chronic back pain using neuroimaging techniques: Recent advances and perspectives. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 2527.
Zang, C., Zhang, L., Zhang, M., Bai, X., Yan, G., Jiang, X., He, Z., Zhou, X. (2019). Eye movements reveal delayed use of construction-based pragmatic information during online sentence reading: A case of Chinese Lian…dou Construction. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 2211.
Song, S., Zilverstand, A., Gui, W., Li, H-J., & Zhou, X. (2019). Effects of single-session versus multi-session non-invasive brain stimulation on craving and consumption in individuals with drug addiction, eating disorders or obesity: A meta-analysis. Brain Stimulation, 12, 606-618.
Ma, S., Zhang, Y., Liu, N., Xiao, W., Li, S., Zhang, G., Zhou, X., Münte, T., F, Ye, Z. (2019) Altered transposition asymmetry in serial ordering in early Parkinson's disease. Parkinsonism & Related Disorders, 62, 62-67.
Wei, P., Yu, H., Müller, H. J., Pollmann, S., & Zhou, X. (2019). Differential brain mechanisms for processing distracting information in task-relevant and -irrelevant dimensions in visual search. Human Brain Mapping, 40, 110–124.
Chen, L., Zhou, X., Müller, H. J., & Shi, Z. (2018). What you see depends on what you hear: temporal averaging and crossmodal integration. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 147(12), 1851–1864.
Gao, X., Yu, H., Sáez, I., Blue, P. R., Zhu, L., Hsu, M., & Zhou, X. (2018). Distinguishing neural correlates of context-dependent advantageous and disadvantageous inequity aversion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 130(33), E7680-E7689.
Jan, C., Zhou, X., & Stafford, R. S. (2017). Improving the health and well-being of children of migrant workers. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 95, 850-852.
Gao, X., Liu, J., Gong, P., Wang, J., Fang, W., Yan, H., Zhu, L., & Zhou, X. (2017). Identifying new susceptibility genes on dopaminergic and serotonergic pathways for the framing effect in decision-making. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 1534-1544.
Yin, Y., Yu, H., Su, Z., Zhang, Y., & Zhou, X. (2017). Differential roles of the lateral orbitofrontal cortex in norm compliance in gain and loss domains: a tDCS study. European Journal of Neuroscience. 46, 2088-2095.
Pan, Y., Li, X., Chen, X., Ku, Y., Dong, Y., Dou, Z., He, L., Hu, Y., Li, W., & Zhou, X. (2017). ERPs and oscillations during encoding predict retrieval of digit memory in superior mnemonists. Brain and Cognition, 117, 17-25.
Gong, P., Fan, H., Liu, J., Yang, X., Zhang, K., & Zhou, X. (2017). Revisiting the impact of OXTR rs53576 on empathy: A population-based study and a meta-analysis. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 80, 131-136.
Blue, P. R., Hu, J., Wang, X., van Dijk, E., Zhou, X. (2016). When do low status individuals accept less? The interaction between self- and other-status during resource distribution. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1667.
Zhang, Y., Yu, H., Yin, Y., & Zhou, X. (2016). Intention modulates the effect of punishment threat in norm enforcement via the lateral orbitofrontal cortex. Journal of Neuroscience, 36(35), 9217-9226.
Gao, X., Gong, P., Liu, J., Hu, J., Li, Y., Yu, H., Gong, X., Xiang, Y., Jiang, C., & Zhou, X. (2016). COMT Val158Met polymorphism modulates the susceptibility to framing in decision-making: OFC-amygdala functional connectivity as a mediator. Human Brain Mapping, 37(5), 1880-1892.
Luo, Y., Yan, M., Yan, S., Zhou, X., & Inhoff, A. (2016). Syllabic tone articulation influences the identification and use of words during Chinese sentence reading: Evidence from ERP and eye movement recordings. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 16, 72-92.
Beyens, U., Yu, H., Han, T., Zhang, L., & Zhou, X. (2015). The strength of a remorseful heart: Psychological and neural basis of how apology emolliates reactive aggression and promotes forgiveness. Frontiers in Psychology, 6:1611.
Gong, P., Liu, J., Blue, P., Li, S., & Zhou, X. (2015). Serotonin receptor gene (HTR2A) T102C polymorphism modulates individuals’ perspective taking ability and autistic-like traits. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9:575.
Kubo, K., Chen, H., Zhou, X., Liu, J-H., & Darbin, O. (2015). Chewing, stress-related diseases, and brain function (Editorial). BioMed Research International, 2015, 412493.
Jiang, X., & Zhou, X. (2015). Impoliteness electrified: ERPs reveal the real time processing of disrespectful reference in Mandarin utterance comprehension. In M. Terkourafi (ed.). Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Im/politeness (pp. 239-266). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Xu, X., Jiang, X., & Zhou, X. (2015). When a causal assumption is not satisfied by reality: Differential brain responses to concessive and causal relations during sentence comprehension. Language, Cognition, and Neuroscience, 30(6), 704-715.
Yu, H., Li, J., & Zhou, X. (2015). Neural substrates of intention-consequence integration and its impact on reactive punishment in interpersonal transgression. Journal of Neuroscience, 35(12), 4917– 4925.
Wang, Z., Cheng-Lai, A., Song, Y., Cutting, L., Jiang, Y., Lin, O., Meng, X., & Zhou, X. (2014). A perceptual learning deficit in Chinese developmental dyslexia as revealed by visual-texture discrimination training. Dyslexia, 20, 280-296.
Wu, F., Luo, Y., & Zhou, X. (2014). Building Chinese relative clause structures with lexical and syntactic cues: Evidence from visual-world eyetracking and reading times. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 29(10), 1205-1226.
Leng, Y., & Zhou, X. (2014). Interpersonal relationship modulates brain responses to outcome evaluation when gambling for/against others: An electrophysiological analysis. Neuropsychologia, 63, 205-214.
Li, S., Jiang. X., Yu., H., & Zhou, X. (2014). Cognitive empathy modulates the processing of pragmatic constraints during sentence comprehension. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 9, 1166-1174.
Zhan, J., Yu, H., & Zhou, X. (2013). fMRI evidence for the interaction between orthography and phonology in reading Chinese compound words. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience , 7: 753. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00753
Jiang, X., Li, Y., & Zhou, X. (2013). Is it over-respectful or disrespectful? Differential patterns of brain activity in perceiving pragmatic violation of social status information during utterance comprehension. Neuropsychologia, 51, 2210-2223. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2013.07.021
Jiang, X., Li, Y., & Zhou, X. (2013). Even a rich man can afford that expensive house: ERP responses to construction-based pragmatic constraints during sentence comprehension. Neuropsychologia, 51, 1857-1866. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2013.06.009
Wei, P., Szameitat, A. J., Müller, H. J., Schubert, T. & Zhou, X. (2013). The neural correlates of perceptual load induced attentional selection: An fMRI study. Neuroscience, 250, 372-380. DOI: 10.101.1016/j.neuroscience.2013.07.025
Yu, H., Zhou Z., & Zhou, X. (2013). The amygdalostriatal and corticostriatal effective connectivity in anticipation and evaluation of facial attractiveness. Brain and Cognition, 82, 291-300. DOI: 10.1016/j.bandc.2013.04.011
Chen, Q., & Zhou, X. (2013). Vision dominates at the pre-response level and audition dominates at the response level in cross-modal interaction: Behavioral and neural evidence. Journal of Neuroscience, 33(17), 7109-7121.
Yu, H., Chen, X., Liu, J., & Zhou, X. (2013). Gum chewing inhibits the sensory processing and the propagation of stress-related information in a brain network. PloS One, 8(4), 557111. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057111.
Luo, Y., Yan, M., & Zhou, X. (2013). Prosodic boundaries delay the processing of upcoming lexical information during silent sentence reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 39(3), 915-930. DOI: 10.1037/a0029182
Xu, X., Jiang, X., & Zhou, X. (2013). Processing biological gender and number information during Chinese pronoun resolution: ERP evidence for functional differentiation. Brain and Cognition, 81, 223-236. DOI: 10.1016/j.bandc.2012.11.002
Politzer-Ahles, S., Fiorentino, R., Jiang, X., & Zhou, X. (2013). Distinct neural correlates for pragmatic and semantic meaning processing: An event-related potential investigation of scalar implicature processing using picture-sentence verification. Brain Research, 1490, 134-152. DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2012.10.042
Zhang, H., Chen, L. & Zhou, X. (2012). Adaptation to visual or auditory time intervals modulates the perception of visual apparent motion. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 6, 100. DOI: 10.3389/fnint.2012.00100
Zhang, Y., Zhou, X., & Zhang, M. (2012). Temporary inhibitory tagging at previously attended locations: Evidence from event-related potentials. Psychophysiology, 49, 1191-1199. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2012.01412.x
Kam, C., Zhou, X., Zhang, X., & Ho, M. Y. (2012). Examining the dimensionality of self-construals and individualistic-collectivistic values with random intercept item factor analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 727-733.
Wu, Y., Hu, J., van Dijk, E., Leliveld, M. C., & Zhou, X. (2012). Brain activity in fairness consideration during asset distribution: Does the initial ownership play a role? PLoS One, 7(6), e39627. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0039627
Jiang, X., & Zhou, X. (2012). Multiple semantic processes at different levels of syntactic hierarchy: Does the higher-level process proceed in face of a lower-level failure? Neuropsychologia, 50, 1918-1928. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.04.016
Yan, M., Risse, S., Zhou, X., & Kliegl, R. (2012). Preview fixation duration modulates identical and semantic preview benefit in Chinese reading. Reading and Writing, 25, 1093-1111. DOI: 10.1007/s11145-010-9274-7
Yuan, T., Zhang, J., Zhou, X., Yang, J., Meng, X., Zhang, Q., & Li, H. (2012). Neural mechanisms underlying the higher levels of subjective well-being in extraverts: Pleasant bias and unpleasant resistance. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 12, 175-192. DOI: 10.3758/s13415-011-0064-8
Yu, R., Zhou, W., Zhou, X. (2011). Rapid processing of both reward probability and reward uncertainty in the human anterior cingulate cortex. PLoS ONE, 6(12), e29633. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029633
Zhang, D., Zhou, X., & Martens, S. (2011). Negative attentional set in the attentional blink: The control is not lost. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73, 2889-2501. DOI: 10.3758/s13414-011-0207-6
Meng, X., Cheng-Lai, A., Zeng, B., Stein, J. F., & Zhou, X. (2011). Dynamic visual perception and reading development in Chinese school children. Annals of Dyslexia, 61, 161–176. DOI: 10.1007/s11881-010-0049-2
Wu, Y., Zhou, Y., van Dijk, E., Leliveld, M. C., & Zhou, X. (2011). Social comparison affects brain responses to fairness in asset division: An ERP study with the ultimatum game. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 5, 131. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2011.00131
Wu, Y., Leliveld, M. C., & Zhou, X. (2011). Social distance modulates recipient's fairness consideration in the dictator game: An ERP Study. Biological Psychology, 88, 253-262. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2011.08.009.
Yu, H., Gong, L., Qiu, Y., & Zhou, X. (2011). Seeing Chinese characters in action: An fMRI study of the perception of writing sequences. Brain and Language, 119, 60-67. DOI: 10.1016/j.bandl.2010.11.007.
Zhang; Y., Jiang, X., Saalbach, H., & Zhou, X. (2011). Multiple constraints on semantic integration in a hierarchical structure: ERP Evidence from German. Brain Research, 1410, 89-100. DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2011.06.061
Wei, P., Müller, H.J., Pollmann, S., Zhou, X. (2011). Neural correlates of binding features within- or cross-dimensions in visual conjunction search: An fMRI study. Neuroimage, 57, 235-241. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.04.024.
Kliegl, R., Wei, P., Dambacher, M., Yan, M., & Zhou, X. (2011). Experimental effects and individual differences in linear mixed models: Estimating the relationship between spatial, object, and attraction effects in visual attention. Frontiers in Psychology, 1:228. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00238.
Mitterer, H., Chen, Y., & Zhou, X. (2011). Phonological abstraction in processing lexical-tone variation: Evidence from a learning paradigm. Cognitive Science, 35, 184-197. DOI: 10.1111/j.1551-6709.2010.01140.x
Yan, M., Kliegl, R., Shu. H., Pan, J., & Zhou, X. (2010). Parafoveal load of word N+1 modulates preprocessing effectiveness of word N+2 in Chinese reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 36(6), 1669-1676.
Zhang, D., Shao, L., Zhou, X., & Martens, S. (2010). Differential effects of exogenous and endogenous cueing in multi-stream RSVP: Implications for theories of attentional blink. Experimental Brain Research, 205, 415-422.
Zhou, X., Jiang, X., Ye, Z., Zhang, Y., Lou, K., & Zhan, W. (2010). Semantic integration processes at different levels of syntactic hierarchy during sentence comprehension: An ERP study. Neuropsychologia, 48, 1551-1562.
Shi, Y., Zhou, X., Müller, H., J., & Schubert, T. (2010). The neural implementation of task rule activation in the cued task switching paradigm: An event-related fMRI study. Neuroimage, 51, 1253-1264.
Yue, Z., Bischof, G.-N., Zhou, X., Spence, C., & Röder, B. (2009). Spatial attention aVects the processing of tactile and visual stimuli presented at the tip of a tool: an event-related potential study. Experimental Brain Research, 193, 119–128.
Cao, Q., Zang, Y., Zhu, C., Cao, X., Sun, L., Zhou, X., & Wang, Y. (2008) Alerting deficits in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Event-related fMRI evidence. Brain Research, 1219, 159-168.
Meng, X., Tian, X., Shu, H., Jian, J., & Zhou, X. (2008). ERP correlates of the development of orthographical and phonological processing during Chinese sentence reading. Brain Research, 1219, 91-102.
Chen, Q., Wei, P., & Zhou, X. (2006). Distinct neural correlates for resolving Stroop conflict at inhibited and non-inhibited locations in inhibition of return (IOR). Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18, 1937-1946.
Liu, X., Qian, M., Zhou, X., & Wang, A. (2006). Repeating the stimulus exposure to investigate what happens after initial selective attention to threatening pictures. Personality and Individual Differences, 40, 1007-1016.
Chen, Q., Zhang, M., & Zhou, X. (2006). Effects of spatial distribution of attention during inhibition of return (IOR) on flanker interference in hearing and congenitally deaf people. Brain Research, 1109, 117-127.
Meng, X., Sai, X., Wang, C., Wang, J., Sha, S., & Zhou, X. (2005). Auditory and speech processing and reading development in Chinese school children: Behavioural and ERP evidence. Dyslexia, 11, 292–310.
Meng, X. & Zhou, X. (2003). Dyslxia in China. International Book of Dyslexia. Wiley Press.
Zhou, X. (2003). An Integration of Neuroscience into the Study of Child Development. International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development Newsletter, Number 1 Serial No.43.
Zhou, X. (2002). Processing Chinese Words and Characters. In Stiftung Lesen (Ed.), Gutenbergs Folgen (pp. 215- 237). Baden-Baden, Germany: Nomos Verlagsgeellschaft.
Zhang, Y., Shu, H., Li, P., Liu, Y., & Zhou, X. (2001). Inhibitory processes, homophone meanings recognition, and spoken discourse comprehension in Chinese. In L. Chen & Y. Zhuo (Eds.), Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Cognitive Science (pp. 221-226). Beijing: University of Science and Technology of Chinese Press.
Zhou, X. & Marslen-Wilson, W. (2000). The relative time course of semantic and phonological activation in reading Chinese. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 26,1245-1265.
Zhou, X., & Qu, Y. (2000). Lexical tone in the spoken word recognition of Chinese. In B.Yuan, T. Huang, & X. Tang (Eds), Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing. Vol. 2 (pp. 45-50). Beijing: China Military Friendship Publisher.
Zhou, X., & Zhuang, J. (2000). Lexical tone in the speech production of Chinese words. In B.Yuan, T. Huang, & X. Tang (Eds), Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, Vol. 2 (pp. 51-54). Beijing: China Military Friendship Publisher.
Zhou, X., Shu, H., Bi, Y., & Sh-i, D. (1999). Is there phonologically mediated access to lexical semantics in reading Chinese? In J. Wang, A. Inhoff, & H.-C. Chen (Eds.) Reading Chinese script: A cognitive analysis (pp. 135-172). NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum。
Zhou, X., & Marslen-Wilson, W. (1999). Sublexical processing in reading Chinese characters. In J. Wang, A. Inhoff, & H.-C. Chen (Eds.) Reading Chinese script: A cognitive analysis (pp. 37-64). NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Zhou, X., & Marslen-Wilson, W. (1997). Spread of activation in the mental lexicon. In M. G. Shafto, & P. Langley (eds.)，Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp.838-843). NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Zhou, X., & Marslen-Wilson, W. (1997). Sublexical processing in reading Chinese. In M. G. Shafto, & P. Langley (eds.)，Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp.832-837). NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Marslen-Wilson, W., M. Ford., & Zhou, X. (1997). Modality-specific lexical access? In M. G. Shafto, & P. Langley (eds.), Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp.490-495). NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Zhou, X., & Marslen-Wilson, W. (1997). The abstractness of phonological representation in the Chinese mental lexicon. In H.-C. Chen (Ed). Cognitive Processing of Chinese and other Asian languages (pp. 3-26), Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press.
Marslen-Wilson, W., Zhou, X., & Ford, M. (1996). Modularity, morphology, and cognitive architecture. Yearbook of Morphology, 117-134.
Zhou, X., & Marslen-Wilson, W. (1996). Direct visual access is the only way to access the Chinese mental lexicon. In G. W. Cottrell (Ed.) Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp.714-719). NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Marslen-Wilson, W., Ford, M., Older, L., & Zhou, X. (1996). The combinatorial lexicon: Affixes as processing structures. In G. W. Cottrell (Ed.) Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp.223-227). NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Zhou, X., & Marslen-Wilson, W. (1995). Morphological structure in the Chinese mental lexicon. Language and Cognitive Processes, 10, 545-600.
Zhou, X., & Marslen-Wilson, W. (1994). Words, morphemes and syllables in the Chinese mental lexicon. Language and Cognitive Processes, 9, 393-422.
Zhou, X. (1994). Book review of Language processing in Chinese (Edited by H.-C. Chen and O. J. L. Tzeng). The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 47(A), 806-808.
Zhou, X., Ostrin, R. K., & Tyler, L. K., (1993). The noun-verb problem and Chinese aphasia: Comments on Bates et al. (1991). Brian and Language, 45, 86-93.